Pond Care for Spring

How to Avoid Pond Scum

Sept 10, 2013 – When you think of your pond you visualize a beautiful fresh clean watering hole with pretty flowers and aquatic plants growing around it, healthy fish living in it along with clear blue water that you can swim and play in. Unfortunately, what you dream of and what you get can be dramatically different if you do not follow some simple pond care principles. Ongoing pond care and maintenance is crucial to avoid ending up with a disgusting looking, odorous body of water, full of pond scum.

One of the main culprits to unhealthy bodies of water is pond scum and algae, even though limited amounts of pond scum and algae are crucial to a pond’s ecosystem. In limited quantities, they provide essential nutrition to plant and wildlife inhabitants.

If an imbalance takes effect then the algae can grow out of control. There are literally thousands of different species of algae and every kind has its criteria for thriving.

To keep a healthy clean pond there are a number of different options.

Pond Filters and Skimmers

For small ponds you can use skimmers and filters to circulate your water for pond algae prefers stagnant water. As the water pumps through these filters, the unit sifts out sediment and debris that would otherwise sink to the bottom of the pond.

Pond Circulators

These devices can be installed in as little as 2 ft of water and are driven by electricity. These pond circulators create directional flow of water in the pond.

Windmill Aeration Systems

Windmills are an inexpensive, highly reliable and low maintenance alternative to providing circulation and oxygen to the pond. Windmill aeration systems come in different sizes ideally suited for all kinds and sizes of ponds.

Koenders Windmills Inc is a leading manufacturer of windmills for water aeration. They can pump up to four gallons of water and can also aerate ponds less than a 1/4 acre in size right up to small lakes several acres large.

Pond Aerators

There are quite a few manufacturers of electrical aerators including Koenders they pump oxygen into the water to ensure that adequate levels of oxygen exist so that a healthy pond ecosystem can be maintained without having to throw all sorts of chemicals in your pond.

Pond Fountains

Pond fountains are sometimes sold to people as sources of oxygen production for ponds. They have also been called pond aerators. Fountains only provide oxygen to the first 2 feet of a pond and for the amount of money it costs in energy to drive a fountain the aeration benefits are very limited. Having said that, fountains act as a good way to circulate water and they look very nice at night with lights on them.

Pond Vacuums

Pond vacuums can be used to suck up leaves and debris that are lying at the bottom of a pond. They suck up this matter before it has a chance to start to decompose whose process depletes the oxygen in the water.

Pond Care Summary

No matter what you choose fountains, vacuums, filters, skimmers, windmill aeration systems, electrical aerators, circulators – they will all help keep your pond water moving and provide essential oxygen to your pond. Some methods provide more aeration to water than others. Sub service or bottom up aeration is more effective than surface aeration in any size pond.

Pond aeration speeds up the decomposition of decaying matter that lies at a pond’s bottom. If you do not aerate the water then this dead organic matter starts building up in the pond and depleting more and more oxygen. As this occurs it opens the door to a host of problems that can happen in your pond the most likely one tends to be the presence of algae and the widespread growth of it covering the pond’s surface.